Water

water-tower-of-asia

What is our worst-case scenario?  

Humans: the real threat to life on Earth  (From his book Ten Billion, by Stephen Emmott.)      We humans emerged as a species about 200,000 years ago. In geological time, that is really incredibly recent. Just 10,000 years ago, there were one million of us. By 1800, just over 200 years ago, there were 1 billion of us. By 1960, 50 years ago, there were 3 billion of us. There are now over 7 billion of us. By 2050, your children, or your children’s children, will be living on a planet with at least 9 billion other people. Some time towards the end of this century, there will be at least 10 billion of us. Possibly more.   …..

We are going to have to triple – at least – energy production by the end of this century to meet expected demand. To meet that demand, we will need to build, roughly speaking, something like: 1,800 of the world’s largest dams, or 23,000 nuclear power stations, 14m wind turbines, 36bn solar panels, or just keep going with predominantly oil, coal and gas – and build the 36,000 new power stations that means we will need.   ….

The term “climate migrants” is one we will increasingly have to get used to. Indeed, anyone who thinks that the emerging global state of affairs does not have great potential for civil and international conflict is deluding themselves. It is no coincidence that almost every scientific conference that I go to about climate change now has a new type of attendee: the military.   

….if the current global rate of reproduction continues, by the end of this century there will not be 10 billion of us – there will be 28 billion of us.

Western Canada’s glaciers may all but vanish by 2100   …   The world has 200,000 glaciers, nearly a tenth of which are in British Columbia and Alberta in western Canada, where they cover an area of 27,000 square kilometres and have an average thickness of 112 metres. The glaciers in these two provinces are losing almost one per cent of their volume each year – among the fastest rates of mountain ice loss anywhere in the world.   …

The big melt will increase river flows in western Canada. Clarke calculates that flows will peak between 2020 and 2040, and then begin to dwindle creating problems for hydroelectric dams….

*****

Canada’s Saskatchewan River system, which recently experienced its worst drought in 134 years, may be prone to more prolonged and severe droughts than previously thought, suggests a new UCLA study based on tree rings that are more than 1,000 years old….

  • Between 900 and 1300, the North Saskatchewan River experienced 10 decades of the lowest flow in its history; over those 400 years, the average flow of the river was 15 percent lower than the 20th-century average.
  • Between 1702 and 1725, river flows on the South Saskatchewan River were almost 20 percent below the 20th-century average.
  • Between 1841 and 1859, river flows on the Saskatchewan River were at least 22 percent below the 20th-century average.
  • Along the South Saskatchewan River, the early 20th century saw the highest river flows of the segments 522-year reconstruction.   UCLA Newsroom:  July 17, 2003

 

 

 

Acts and Regulations of Canada  

 

ACM Portal for Research Findings   

 

Agricultural Land Resource Atlas of Alberta

 

Agronomy Journal

 

Alberta Water Portal         

 

An Assessment of Flood Risk Management in Canada 

 

Arsenic Filters for Groundwater   

 

Atlas of Canada:  Freshwater

 

Blue Planet Project 

 

Boundary Waters Treaty 

 

Canadian Environmental Law Association   

 

Canada Gazette 

 

Canadian Legal Information Institute 

 

Canadian Water Network

 

Canadian Water Resources Association 

 

Centre for Affordable Water and Sanitation Technology  

 

Centre for Hydrology at the U of S     

 

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (US) 

 

China, Tibet, & River Heads       

 

Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization 

 

Design Guidelines for First Nations Waterworks  

 

Dr. Dave of Regina, Saskatchewan

 

Drinking Water Inspectorate (UK)

 

Drought Watch in Canada        

 

Engineering Toolbox for Water Systems 

 

Environmental and Workplace Health in Canada 

 

Environmental Assessments 

 

Environmental Assessment and Saskatchewan’s First Nations     

 

Environmental Valuation Reference Inventory 

 

Environment Canada

 

Flow Measurement of Metal Mining Effluents 

 

Geological Society of America Position Statement 

 

Geological Survey of Canada

 

Glacial Lake Agassiz & the Great Flood

 

Global Mining and Minerals Library Online    

  

Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement   

 

Great Plains Climate History 

 

Groundwater Age-Dating 

 

Groundwater Dependent Ecosystems    

 

Ground Water and Ecosystems Restoration Research   

 

Groundwater and Its Susceptibility to Degradation 

 

Guide to Finding Streamflow Records (US) 

 

History of Drought on the Prairies 

 

Hydrology and Water Resources of Saskatchewan      

 

India Environment Portal 

 

International Society of Limnology  

 

International Society for Microbial Ecology 

 

International Water Policy and Legislation 

 

Internet Documents in Economics Access Service (IDEAS) 

 

Instantaneous Data Archive (USGS)   

 

Iraq Water Treatment Vulnerabilities (January, 1991)

 

The Lake File Index    

 

Law, Environment and Development Journal   

 

Management of Water in Canada 

 

Mine Tailings Treatment Technology    

 

National Ground Water Association (US)

 

National Water Research Institute of Canada

 

Natural Resources Canada Business Plans     

 

Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada

NERC Open Research Archive (UK)

 

New Water Politics of the Middle East 

 

Office of Water (US)  

 

On the Cause of the 1930’s Dust Bowl    

 

Paleoclimatology 

 

Pollution Probe

 

POLIS Water Project   

 

Problems with Hepburn Groundwater   

 

Real Time Hydrometric Data for Canada 

 

Red River of the North Flooding:  A Bibliography

 

Safe Drinking Water Foundation of Canada 

 

Saskatchewan Eco Network 

 

Saskatchewan Environmental Society 

 

Saskatchewan Water and Wastewater Association     

 

Saskatchewan Watershed Authority

 

SaskH2O        

 

Scientific Electronic Library Online 

 

Science Links Japan   

 

Siemens    

 

Spectra Solar Cube

 

Surface Water and Groundwater Technology for Mining

 

Sustainable Agriculture in Western Canada 

 

Tank Use Mishaps 

 

Tarsands Extraction and Water Consumption

 

Terrestrial Hydrosphere (NASA) 

 

Treating the Public Water Supply 

 

Treatment of Acid Mine Drainage (UK) 

 

Treatment Plant Operators Essential Skills 

 

Tree Ring Society 

    

UNESCO Water Portal   

 

US Geological Survey

 

Water Conflict Chronology 

   

Water Information Program    

 

Water Diversion, Export and Canada-US Relations

 

Water Export Ban Law and NAFTA

 

Water Footprint Calculator

 

Water Issues Associated With Heavy Oil Production  

 

Water, Oil, and Gas Wells   

 

Water Pathogens Database 

 

Water Sanitation and Health (WHO) 

 

Water Supply and Water Resources Research   

 

Water Survey Canada 

 

WaterWeb     

 

WaterWired 

 

Waterwise (UK)   

 

World Business Council for Sustainable Development      


World of Water Treatment

Water Quality Research Australia  

Water Treatment Disasters   


Water Treatment Plant Operator Program Manual  

 

 

 

boise-city-ok-1935

 

A gigantic dust cloud engulfs a ranch in Boise City, Okla., in 1935.

 

Dust Bowl Blues (Woodie Guthrie)

     


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