Insight, Ideas, Cognition, Perception, Apprehending, Sensing….

35 Years of Working with Suicidal Patients (Meichenbaum)

A Concentrator’s Guide to Reading and Writing Social Anthropology

An A – Z of Thinking Tools

Art:  21 

Australian Workforce Innovation Program

Behavior Change in 15 Minute Sessions

Belief Formation Program (MacQuarie U)

Beyond Change Management:  Accelerating Transformation & Building Agile Organizations  

Canada Business 

Canada Mining Innovation Council

Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives

Canadian Mining Industry Research Organization       

Checklist of Rationality Habits (Center for Applied Rationality) 

Civil Engineering Database  

Collections Canada

Conference Listings (Across Canada and Around the World)

Construction Innovation Forum 

Cooperative Group Problem Solving (Heller & Heller)

Creativity & Thinking Skills   

Creativity Before Innovation

Critical Thinking in the Oxford Tutorial (Rush Cosgrove)

Developing Innovation Skills: A guide for trainers and assessors to foster the innovation skills of learners through professional practice

Digital Library for Physics and Astronomy        

Do Schools Kill Creativity?  (Sir Ken Robinson)

Does Your Language Shape How You Think?

Energy Technology Innovation Policy

Engineering Reasoning (Niewoehner & Steidle)


Foundation for Critical Thinking 

From Creativity to Innovation

Groupthink Critique (Robert Baron)


Innovation and the Role of Habits (Doantella Cavagnoli)

Innovation Management (Oya I. Tukel)

Innovation:  Adapt, Create, and Invent

Innovative Approaches to Engineering Education – CAETS

Inside Knowledge 

Institute for the Future

Junior Achievement 

Manning Innovation Awards 

Manual of Job Related Thinking Skills

Miniature Guide to Critical Thinking (Paul & Elder)

Myths of Innovation, The (Scott Berkun)

NASA’s Fifth Annual NASA Robotic Mining Competition

National Innovation Foundation of India

National Research Council of Canada                  

Nature of Science and the Scientific Method

No Mind (Zen’s No Thought and No Image)

Nonverbal Learning Disorder (NLD)

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Open Innovation Pavilion 

Problem Based Learning (McMaster U)

Raosoft Sample Size Calculator             

Santa Fe Institute 

Structure and Consequences of Repetitive Thought (Segerstrom)

The Innovation Journal  

Thinking Approach Forum

Thinking Skills Inventory for Children (MGH) 

Today’s Engineer 

Where Good Ideas Come From (Steven Johnson)

Word Rogues:  A Short Course on Critical Thinking 


Can we improve our Thinking?

Here is a simple test to determine if you might benefit from a change in your Thinking.


Giraffe in Refrigerator

The Giraffe Test of Thinking Ability

  • How do you put a Giraffe into a refrigerator?

(Stop and think.  Decide on your answer before scrolling down.  No cheating.)  The Correct Answer Is:  Open the refrigerator door, put the Giraffe in, and then close the door. 

This test reveals if you tend to do simple things in complicated ways.


  • How do you put an Elephant into a refrigerator?

Did you say:  Open the refrigerator door, put the Elephant in, and close the door?  That would be incorrect.  The Correct Answer Is:  Open the refrigerator door, take out the Giraffe, put in the Elephant, and then close the door.

This test reveals your ability to understand the full impact of your decisions and actions.

The Lion King calls for a Conference of the Animals.  All of the Animals attend…except one.

  • Which Animal does not attend the Conference?

The Correct Answer Is:  The Elephant.  The Elephant is still in the refrigerator, waiting for you to open the door.

This test reveals your memory of significant events.

You now have one more chance to demonstrate the true quality of your Thinking. 

There is a wide and deep river that you must cross.  The river is used by Crocodiles.  There is no bridge, and there is no boat. 

  • How can you safely get across the river?

The Correct Answer Is:  You swim across the river.  

Were you not paying attention earlier?  All of the Crocodiles are at the Animal Conference, with the Lion King. 

This test reveals your ability to understand the information you receive, and use it appropriately.

“According to Assessment Services International, 78% of Supervisors who did the Giraffe Test of Thinking Ability answered most questions incorrectly.

The same study revealed that 86% of four-year-old children tested answered most of the questions correctly.

Assessment Services International states that this study conclusively disproves the popular belief that most Supervisors think like four-year-old children.”


[I originally received this joke in an email, and then revised it as presented above.  Some time later, I found the image posted online.  Today, I found the image posted with the joke in a slightly different format than my revision.  Interesting to note the similarities in thinking between my own revisions and the work of another on the same framework idea.  I suspect this is a very old joke, and long in the public domain.  No rip-off is intended here.]


Talking Dog for Sale

A traveler spots a sign outside a house that reads “Talking Dog for Sale.”
Intrigued, he stops to enquire about the dog.
The owner points to the dog, and says, “Ask him any question.”
With a laugh, the traveler asks the dog: “So, what have you done with your life?”
To the traveler’s utter amazement, the dog answers.
“I’ve led a very full life,” says the dog. “I’ve lived in the Alps, rescuing avalanche victims. Then, I served my country as a spy in several countries – you can guess at which. And now, I spend my days reading to the residents of a retirement home. That’s actually my favourite thing to do.”
The traveler is totally flabbergasted. He turns to the dog’s owner and asks: “Why on earth would you want to get rid of an incredible dog like that?”
“Because,” says the owner, “he’s a liar! He’s never done any of those things!”

[And the moral of the story is….]