Propaganda

birth-o-fa-nation-1915

Ku Klux Klan film poster, 1915.

In 1927, Moose Jaw was site of largest Klan meeting ever held in Canada   …   The whole thing was likened to an evangelistic service which culminated in the burning of a 60-foot fiery cross.

Joseph Goebbel’s Principles of Propaganda   …   His work as a propagandist materially aided Hitler’s rise to power in 1933. When Hitler seized power in 1933, Goebbels was appointed Reichsminister for propaganda and national enlightenment. From then until his death, Goebbels used all media of education and communications to further Nazi propagandistic aims, instilling in the Germans the concept of their leader as a veritable god and of their destiny as the rulers of the world. In 1938 he became a member of the Hitler cabinet council. Late in World War II, in 1944, Hitler placed him in charge of total mobilization. 

 parsifal-1933

According to the controversial biography of Wagner by Robert W. Gutman 1, Parsifal, more than the Ring, was the gospel of National Socialism.

[The motif of the Knight of the Cross was promoted by the National Socialists (Nazis).  The Knight is here presented as Parsifal holding the Holy Grail in front of a fiery cross on this 1933 postal stamp.]

 

 rc-salute

As the Reich subsidized church functions from collected tax revenues, priests in Nazi Germany were subject not only to their diocesan bishop’s authority, but, as civil servants, were subject to Reich authority as well.  Accordingly when it was ordered in July, 1933, that all civil servants were required to offer the Seig Heil (“Heil Hitler”) salute, priests and bishops were also required to comply. See above photo, “Priests giving the Hitler salute at the first Catholic youth rally in Berlin-Neukolin stadium in August 1933.”

 

 standard-bearer

Hubert Lanzinger’s Der Bannerträger (The Standard Bearer) is one of almost 10,000 works of German military and Nazi propaganda art the US Army seized after the war as part of the effort to denazify German society. This and 400 other Nazi-era artworks still considered politically charged remain in the US Army’s custody today. Oil on wood, ca. 1934–36. —US Army Center of Military History, Washington, DC  [Hitler is depicted here as THE Knight of the Cross, in shining armour.  This image was circulated widely as a postcard.]

Hitler understood the power of symbols, oratory, and image, and formulated simple, concrete, and emotionally appealing party slogans to reach the masses.

 iron-cross

 The Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross  (German languageRitterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes), or simply the Knight’s Cross (Ritterkreuz), and its variants were the highest awards in the military and paramilitary forces of Nazi Germany during World War II.

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In this April 23, 2016, photo, members of the Ku Klux Klan participate in cross and swastika burnings after a “white pride” rally in rural Paulding County near Cedar Town, Ga.

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American Fascism: It Can’t Happen Here?  (Audio, 54:00)    …   It Can’t Happen Here by American writer, Sinclair Lewis, was published in 1935, and later mounted as a play. Lewis was the first American to win the Nobel Prize for Literature, in 1930. His novel captures how fascist thinking demonizes entire groups of people, how it tacitly or explicitly sanctions political violence — and how its rhetoric privileges emotionality over rationality, and charisma over substance. As fascism rose in Europe, Sinclair’s view of American politics darkened — hence the ironic title: it could happen in the U.S. 

The hurling of the f-word — ‘fascist’ — has happened a lot since Donald Trump entered the American political stage. But name-calling is facile — and imprecise. So how do we distinguish fascism from authoritarianism, populism, ethnic nationalism?

 

 propaganda-flip

Donald Trump Wants to Register Muslims Like the Nazis Registered Jews

der-spiegel

Don’t Think of an Elephant! (George Lakoff)   …   Know Your Values and Frame the Debate

 

O’ Children (Nick Cave & The Bad Seeds)

 


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