Amanita muscaria (Fly agaric) is a highly poisonous mushroom that can have a red or yellow cap, The cap often has white warts on the surface and there maybe a veil and enlarged volva at the base of the stalk. It is called a fly agaric because some folks would put pieces of the mushroom in a small bowl of milk in order to entice and kill flies. In Siberia some people would drink a tea made from this mushroom for its hallucinogenic effects, others would drink the urine from those that ingested this mushroom to avoid some of the unpleasant side effects. The ferociousness of Viking Berserkers has also been attributed to eating this mushroom before battle (Davis et. al. 2012 Field Guide to Mushrooms of Western North America , page 36).


A Brief History of Magic Mushrooms in BC (Paul Kroeger, 2018)

Altered States of Consciousness (Ember & Carolus, 2017)

An Anthropological Analysis of Ayahuasca (Seddon, 2014)

Analysis of the differences between hallucinations caused by natural hallucinogens and schizophrenia (Kristofer L. Korth)

A Psychedelic Right (Volteface)

A Radical New Approach to Beating Addiction (Psychology Today, 2017)

Archaeologists Identify Traces of Burnt Cannabis in Ancient Jewish Shrine

Ayahuasca:  Basic Info (ICEERS)

Ayahuasca: Psychological and Physiologic Effects, Pharmacology and
Potential Uses in Addiction and Mental Illness (Hamill, et al. 2019)

Beauty of the Primitive: Shamanism and Western Imagination (Znamenski, 2007)

Beginner’s Guide to Healing with Huachuma (San Pedro) (Balam Seer)

Beyond Cannabis: Psychedelic Decriminalization and Social Justice (D. Marlan, 2019)

Center for Substance Abuse Research

Chacruna Institute for Psychedelic Plant Medicines

Court Decision Regarding the Native American Church (Arizona, 1960)

Cultures of chemically induced hallucinations (Vaughn Bell, 2014)

Did any Native American tribes of North America ceremonially use psilocybin mushrooms?

Drugs from the Colonies (John Carter Brown Library)

Ecopsychology and the Psychedelic Experience (David Luke, 2013)

Encyclopedia of Psychoactive Plants:  Ethnopharmacology

Entheogen (Psychonaut Wiki)


Handbook of Medicinal Herbs (James A. Duke, CRC Press, 2002)

Hallucinogenic Drugs (Katherine Bonson, 2001)

Hallucinogenic drugs in pre-Columbian Mesoamerican cultures (F.J. Carod-Artal, 2015)

Hallucinogenic Plants (Richard Evans Shultes, Golden Press, 1976)

Hallucinogens in pre-Columbian Mesoamerican cultures (F.J. Carod-Artal, 2015)

Historical and Cultural Uses of Cannabis and the Canadian “Marijauna Clash” (Senate of Canada, 2002)

Identification of N,N-dimethyltryptamine and β-carbolines in psychotropic ayahuasca beverage (Gamelunghe, et al.  2008)

Identity of a New World Psychoactive Toad (Davis & Weil, 1992)

Indigenous Religious Traditions

International Center for Ethnobotanical Education, Research, & Service (ICEERS)

Legal Bases for Religious Peyote Use (Kevin Feeney, 2007)

Magic Mushroom Guide (Potent, c.2016)

Magic Mushrooms Guide:  Where Shrooms are Legal and How to Take Psilocybin (Newsweek, 7/3/19)

Magic mushrooms may have been used in Japan since Jomon times

Magic Mushrooms or Medicinal Mushrooms (ANGLES, 2015)

Medicinal Plants of the North Cascades (Martine Mariott, 2010)

Mystery of why magic mushrooms go blue solved

Mushrooms as Sacred Objects in North America (Cornell Mushroom Blog, 2010)

Mysterious And Lost Magic Mushroom Rituals Of The Ancient Celts

Native American Church (iPortal, U of S)

Native American Church:  Higher Court Rulings

Native American Ethnobotany Database

Native hallucinogenic drugs piptadenias (Marcel Granier-Doyeux, UN, 1965)

Neo-Shamanism (Scuro & Rodd, 2015)

Oakland in California Decriminalizes Magic Mushrooms and Peyote (2019)

Oklevueha Native American Church

People v. Woody:  Opinion (California, 1964)

Peyote (CESAR)

Peyote and the racialized war on drugs (Lisa Barnett, 2016)

Peyote Exemption for Native American Church (US DEA, 1981)

Peyote as Medicine (Kevin Feeney, 2013)

Phytognosis (Spencer Woodard)

Plant medicines in indigenous cultures (Psychedelic Scientist, 2019)

Psilocybe (Mushroom Observer)

Psilocybin:  summary of knowledge and new perspectives (2013)

Psychedelic Library

Road to Eleusis (Wasson, Hofmann, & Ruck.  c. 1977)

Role of Indigenous knowledges in psychedelic science (Evgenia Fotiou, 2020)

Rites of Passage

Schedule I Sacrament (Eve Driver, 2019)

Singing to the Plants (Steve Beyer)

Spirituality and Health (Manitoba, 2017)

Supreme Court Rules that Religious Group Can Use Illegal Drug (2008)

Technique of Psychotherapy (Lewis R. Wolfberg, 2013)

Therapeutic Potentials of Ayahuasca (Fresca, Bokor, & Winkelman, 2016)

Traditional Medicine (Indigenous Studies Portal Research Tool, U of S)

Traditional Medicine for Canada’s First Peoples (Raymond Obomsawin, 2007)

Traditional Plant Foods of Canadian Indigenous Peoples (Kuhnlein & Turner, 1991)

Traditional use of medicinal plants of the boreal forest of Canada (Uprety, et al, 2012)

Trip Treatment (Michael Pollan, 2015)

Tripping on Peyote in Navajo Nation (John Horgan, 2017)

Under the Spell of the Magic Mint (Christopher Ketcham, MAPS, 2007)

Use of psychoactive mushrooms in the Pacific Northwest: An ethnopharmacologic report (A. Weil, 1977)

Vancouver forges new paths in revival of psychedelic research (Travis Lupick, 2018)



Botanic Gardens Conservation International 

Calgary Horticultural Society

Commercial Composting of Fisheries Waste

Composting for the Home Owner

Holistic Agriculture Library 


Master Gardener Basic Training Program

Soil Amendments

U of S Fruit Program