Biology Projects

Ecosphere at 3 days and 30 days old.

The same ecosphere 3 days old and one month old

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Lake 226 Phosphate Experiment by Schindler

The famous photo of Lake 226, which the Schindler-led ELA team divided by a curtain to prove phosphates trigger algae blooms.

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Acid Rain Effect on Same Fish

The effects of acid rain (pH change) on the same fish.

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Air Pollution in Taiwan

Display of atmospheric pollution measurements in Taiwan.

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Shit I Smoke

Popular Apps Share Intimate Details About You With Dozens of Companies

Mental Health Apps Aren’t All As Private As You May Think

Google Sued for Allegedly Tracking App Users After They Opt Out

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Blood Transfusion of Lamb to Human 1667

“On June 15th 1667 a French physician named Jean-Baptiste Denys performed the first documented blood transfusion on a human. Denys bled a feverish 15 year old boy with leeches before treating him with a transfusion of lamb’s blood. The idea was that the calm, gentle nature of the lamb would be transferred to the boy. The boy survived, although this was probably only because Denys had transfused so little of the lamb’s blood into him. Denys had further success performing the same experiment again on a butcher. It wasn’t until he performed it on a third subject that he got into trouble.

Antoine Mauroy was a mentally ill man, well known in Paris for terrifying the locals with his antics. Denys and his colleagues thought they might be able to cure Mauroy by replacing his “bad” blood with the “pure” blood of a calf. Mauroy was picked up off the street and forced to take part in the experiment against his will. Denys performed the experiment in the presence of a group of rich aristocrats whose hobbies included witnessing new and risky scientific procedures.  The experiment was performed a second time and appeared to actually have a positive effect on Mauroy.  According to science writer Pete Moore, there was a reason for Mauroy’s positive reaction to the transfusion that was peculiar to him. He had syphilis.

Mauroy’s white blood cells attacked the unfamiliar blood in much the same way as they would attack a disease. This caused a raging fever. Fever is a known treatment of tertiary syphilis. Two and a half centuries later, Julius Wagner-Jauregg would receive the Nobel Prize for treating syphilis by deliberately infecting patients with malaria. Denys had accidentally treated Mauroy’s syphilis!

After the second transfusion Mauroy went back to his debauched ways. His wife begged Denys to perform the procedure again, which he did. This time Mauroy died and Denys found himself on trial for murder.

You might be thinking “Serves the silly bugger right! This is what happens when you go injecting people full of cow’s blood”. But it wasn’t as cut and dried as it might have first seemed. It was later found that Mauroy had actually died of arsenic poisoning. Denys was let off the hook, and Mauroy’s wife was found guilty of poisoning his soup. It would seem that, in a plot worthy of Columbo, Mrs Mauroy had grown tired of her husband’s debauched antics and saw Denys’s experiments as a convenient scapegoat for his murder! Other historians have argued that Mrs Mauroy herself was a scapegoat and that enemies of the experiment murdered Mauroy in a successful effort to get the icky and ungodly practice of blood transfusion banned in Europe. Either way, it just goes to show that if you are going to practice risky, untested medical procedures then make sure you’re not performing them on a complete prat who everybody’s trying to kill.”  [An extract from The Science of Obscure Superheroes Part One: The Whizzer]

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Scientific Method Flow Chart

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Raven (Keith Williams)

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Biology 30 Research Project Requirements 2022W

Experiment Project Guides 2022W

Personal Project Requirements 2022W

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